Muslims pray five times in a day and come together. The Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque) is the one of the most important mosque of the Muslims in Turkey. It was built by Sultan Ahmet I. between the years 1609-1616. Despite it is not the biggest mosque in Turkey, It reflects the Ottoman architecture on the other hand shows Ottomans hand arts such as calligraphies and the blue Iznik tiles, surrounding walls inside of the mosque moreover it is the only Ottoman mosque has the six minarets.
Hagia Sophia which means "Devine wisdom" named by the Roman emperors. It was built by the Roman emperor Justinian between the years 532-537 A.D as cathedral. It is the most well preserved Roman construction that still standing, in Istanbul. Hagia Sophia was constructed by including the late Roman architecture and the best architects designed it according to basilica plan. After the emperor completed Hagia Sophia he entered with the words; "Solomon, I have surpassed you!" He achieved the build the biggest construction on earth in that age.
After the conquest in 1453, Hagia Sophia was turned into mosque by the Ottoman sultan Mehmet the Conqueror. Ottomans added some Islamic elements in Hagia Sophia such as Minaretes, Minber, Mihrap. Ottomans covered the mosaics and added calligraphies instead. When you enter the museum you admire it by looking at the dome (55.60 m. /182 ft. high.-diameter 31.20 m/102 ft) also the Roman mosaics, paintings and frescoes can be seen.
Hagia Sophia was used as a church for 916 years and as a mosque for 481 years. In 1934, by the order of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, it was made a museum and has since been open to visitors.
In 324 A.D , Emperor Constantine moved the seats from Rome to Byzantium and renamed city as New Roma but public said the city of Constantine as ''CONSTANTINOPOLIS'', ordered to build Hippodrome which means Hippos; horse, Drome; Square, with 456 meter long and 128 meter wide.
It is "U" shaped, with 100.000 spectators' capacity and Kathisma (Lodge of Empire).
Decorated with Obelisk, Serpent Column, Walled Obelisk, And German Fountain.
Topkapi palace was built by sultan Mehmet the Conqueror between 1460-1478. The palace is the second residence of the Ottoman Sultans where they lived and ruled the empire. The Topkapi Palace was a city -palace with a population of approximately 4,000 people. It covered an area of 70 hectares / 173 acres. 25 sultans lived in the palace from Mehmet II to Abdulmecit. In 1924 it was turned into a museum.
The palace was divided into two parts (Birun and Enderun), it has three Gates (Divan-i Humayun, Babus Selam, Babus Saade) and Harem section where the sultans family lived with the concubines. After passing through to the first gate you enter the museum and you visit the exhibitions room one by one. Such as treasury room, Islamic relics room, Baghdad Pavilion, sultans portraits room, library, clocks gallery, army collection room, imperial parliament and also 86 carats diamond.
While walking on European side you can see each historical thing one by one. A common word of the locals "Istanbul is watched from Asian side". It is absolutely right when you visit the highest spot of Istanbul; you see this unique city like a painting.
The hill is located on Asia; it is the highest point in Istanbul. Crossing the Bosporus Bridge you can reach the hill. The hill welcomes you with pine trees, many seats and restaurants? It is where the local people go and spend time and you can join them to become one of them.
In Turkish it means 'Halic' on late evening sun hits the water and it gives golden color to water also its shape like a 'horn' therefore people called as golden horn due to its shape and sun reflection.
Istanbul Archeology Museum
Istanbul Archeology museum is the most important and the biggest museum in Istanbul. Museum includes thousands of artifacts, antiquities and historical elements, in Turkey. It is located near the Topkapi Palace and it is the most visited archeology museum in Turkey. When you visit that museum you can check thousands pieces from the Neolithic age to Ottoman period.
Suleymaniye, rather than a mosque, is one of the symbols of Istanbul and can be seen from the every part of Istanbul.
It was built by Sultan Suleyman II. the Magnificent, between 1550-1557. The architect was the greatest of Ottoman architects, the Great Sinan. Like the other Ottoman mosques, were built by the sultans, the construction has some parts such as bath, education center, dormitories, fountains etc. For the public; mosque was designed in classical Ottoman architecture; it has four minarets, a huge dome.
When the mosque was built there were 4,000 oil candles, the smoke from which could have been endangered the paintings on the walls. The architect avoided this, however by creating a system for the circulation of air inside the building. Sultan Suleiman and Sinan are buried in their tombs in the complex.
Also known as the Spice Market, this is Istanbul's second bazaar, constructed in the same complex as Yeni Camii (New Mosque). There are six gates which make it an attractive exterior. The L-shaped market, together with the mosque, was built for the mother of Mehmet IV, a powerful woman who ruled the harem there is still the aroma of ginger, cardamom, pepper and saffron from the piles of spices sold from many stalls.
These days it is also popular for great varieties of Turkish delight, small souvenirs, flavored teas and local delicacies. Locals come here to shop for bed linen and towels, as well as for fruit and vegetables, coffee, clothes, pots and pans in the surrounding cramped backstreets.
Pierre Loti Hill
The name of the hill derives from French poet and author Pierre Loti. According to some historians the poet lived in Istanbul, walking the hill he completed his books and poems. He became well-known writer in Istanbul.
During the world war one he wrote many things for Ottomans benefits. After the war the new parliament named the hill as Pierre Loti. The hill is famous for coffee, ( known as Pierre Loti Coffee) it is located on European side near the Golden Horn, the city walls, The Golden Horn, many mosques, shortly whole European side can be seen from the hill.
Panaroma 1453 Museum
In the museums you can see many historical stuffs from period to period. in Istanbul there are several museums, panorama 1453 is one of them but only difference separating from the others, the museum is next to city walls, shows you how Constantinople was conquered by the Ottomans.
It tells you with many descriptions and pictures. After you read everything about Ottomans and Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror you walk through the exhibition hall and watch the panoramic Picture which shows you the city walls, Ottoman Soldier, Mehmet the Conqueror, Roman soldiers.
Turkish - Islamic Art Museum
It is unknown that whom and when this palace was built only we know that the palace was used by the Grand vizier Ibrahim Pasha (1593-1536). He served as the Grand Vizier of Suleiman the Magnificent (1523-1536). He used this building as his pavilion in 16.Century.
The museum is next to the Hippodrome (At meydani) another information about the museum is; it is the last museum, was opened by the Ottomans. The museum includes almost everything about Islamic art.
After the republic the building was turned into museum completely. The museum includes; the art of Abbasis, Umayyads, Timurids, Caucasians, Ayyubids, Safavids. Many kind calligraphis, carpets, Sarcophagus from medieval and early Islamic periods could be seen on museum.
Bazaar was built in 1461 by the order of Fatih Sultan Mehmet whom is conqueror of Constantinople and it has 65 streets, 4.200 Shops, 22 gates and each day half million people visit world's one of the oldest bazaar.
Taksim square has a street where just next to it named as Istiklal Avenue which is 3 km length. It is not allowed driving on the street; there are lots of restaurants, bars, stores, shopping malls, etc. You can spend long time by walking, having lunch, dinner or shopping.
Miniaturk is one of the open air museum, located near the Golden Horn in Turkey. The museum was establishing the Prime Minister R.T. Erdogan in 2003. Totally the museum covers 60.000 m2 areas.
Museum is located on Edirnekapi area of Istanbul and called the "Chora Museum" (Kariye Muzesi) Chora Means; outside of the city (rural area).
It was built as Church and converted to mosque and now it is Museum that all frescoes and mosaics could be seen from byzantine era.
Cistern has 330 massive columns supporting brick vaulting. This is one of several buried into the city's foundations, and the first to have been excavated and renovated which was built by the order of King Justinian on 531. Water of cistern comes from basilica cistern and water supplied to Great Palace and Topkapi Palace.
Palace was built in 1856 during the reign of Sultan Abdulmecit by architect family of 'Balyan' that it was completed in 13 years. Dolmabahce palace has 280 rooms, 43 big halls and 6 Turkish baths.
Galata Tower first was built a lighthouse by the Roman Emperor Anastasius (528 A.D). The Latin armies destroyed the Tower in 1204 then the tower was built by Genoese in 1348 after the conquest, the tower owned by the Ottomans and renovated in 1453.
It was first used by Byzantine Empire as lighthouse and control house to Bosporus, after that time lots of renovations have been done now it is turned cafe - Restaurant which serves people with delicious tastes.
The Palace was built by Sultan Abdulaziz between the years 1863-1867 and designed by Nikogos Balyan, it is the last sample of its period. Previously there was a beautiful Ottoman garden which is ornamented by the many kind of flowers and tulips. The inner walls and the roof were made of wood, the outer walls made of colorful marble.
Anatolian Fortress was built by Bayezit I (1389-1402), long before the conquest of Istanbul, at the end of the 14 century.
It has been called as Yenice Hisar and Guzelce Hisar.Today, the fortress serves as open air museum.
The only suspension bridge in the world which connects to Europe to Asia which was built in 1973 and construction took 3 years; only vehicles are allowed to pass from on it.
Kucuksu Pavilion where James bond movie '' the world is not enough '' in some parts served as the mansion of a woman in Baku. It was ordered to build by Sultan Abdulmecid in 1857.
Suada (Water Island)
Island name was Galatasaray Island which is name of football club but name was changed as Suada also known as Kurucesme islet by residences that one of the best place to swim with pool and get your dinner.
Kuleli Military High School
Kuleli Military High School was established on 1845 with the name at Macka, now Istanbul technical university is located. War, in 1878 was occurred between Russia and Ottoman That school was turned to be hospital.
During World War I, School was moved to Rum Orphanage on Buyukada for immigrants and orphans.
School became a civilian high school by in 1924 and renamed as "Kuleli Askeri Lisesi" which is Kuleli High School.
Sultan AbdulAziz hired architect Sarkis Balyan to build the current palace between 1861-1865. It was not resided in permanently but used in summer, most especially for hosting head of the state. Sultan Abdul Hamid the second passes his last six years in this palace and passed away in here.
The original mosque was built by Sultan Abdulmecid in 1854-1856. It was designed by architect Garabet Amire Balyan and he used many kind of rococo, baroque, European styles.
This mosque is a Selaattin mosque like the other, with two minarets. The significance of it is the closest mosque to Mecca in Europe. It is original name is "Buyuk Mecidiye Mosque" but it is known as "Ortakoy" the name derives from where it is located. It is just next to the Bosporus Bridge which makes it so popular and the one of the well-known figure of Istanbul.
The island is on the Sea of Marmara, it is one of the four islands of Istanbul. The island is closer Asian side of Istanbul. Emperor Justinian I had built a monastery and palace on the island in 569 A.D. There are several buildings on the island such as Aya Yorgi Church and monastery, the Agios Dimitrios Church and Hamidiye Mosque.
Today, about 7,000 people live on the island (Turks, Greeks and Jews). Except service vehicles, other vehicles with motor are forbidden.
Instead of driving or riding you can rent a bicycle or carriage; also you can take a short round-trip (45 min.) by horse carriages. There are lots of restaurants, cafes on the shore, you can spend time.
Rumeli Fortress is located at the narrowest point of the Bosporus. It was built by Ottoman sultan Mehmet II in 1452. Before the conquest of Istanbul the sultan and the grand viziers had decided to take control sea traffic at the Bosporus .Therefore, Ottomans built this fortress on European side which is located opposite of the other fortress on asian side. They built Rumeli Fortress in 4 months and 16 days just 1 year later Ottomans conquered Istanbul (in 1453). Today fortress serves as open air museum also. The fortress has a beautiful view of Bosporus and it is worth to visit.
Palace of Hidiva Emine (Whom is only woman take a name as 'pasha' from sultan 2nd Abdulhamid) was empty from 2002 and renewed in 2011 by 2 architects Sureyya Saruhan and Ayse Kaso. Construction took 10 Million dollar and completed in 2 years.
Greek Orthodox Church
Church known as the "Roman" Patriarchate (Turkish phrase: Rum Patrikhanesi), recalling its historical source as the Church of New Rome, the new capital of the Roman Empire, transferred in 330 from Old Rome to Byzantium by Constantine the Great.
Istiklal StreetOne of the best place for walking and enjoy with nightlife, hundreds of cafe's, restaurants, big shopping mall and facilities to do for people from all over the world.
Istanbul Modern Museum
One of the best 'ART MUSEUM' in Istanbul as well as Turkey. It was the dock for ships and area opened to buildings by the order of R.T.Erdogan renovated by tabanlioglu architect and now serves as museum.
Pasabag (Monks Valley)
Pasabag is located on zerve covered with fairy chimney's especially mushroom-shaped ones. Site is called as Monks Valley; name comes from cones that carved in tuff stones which stand apart.
It is called as imaginary valley where reveals many different rock formations, small fairy chimneys gives valley from a lunar landscape. Also some animal shapes can be seen such as; Snake, Camel, Dolphin.
Small cozy town which is close to Red River (Kizilirmak) where famous with Pottery that lots of pottery houses and stone houses can be found.
Goreme Open Air Museum
Located at the center of the region with easy access from all directions. It is only 10 minutes' walk from Goreme Village center is obviously the first sight to be visited by any traveler. Goreme Open Air Museum contains one of the best rock-cut churches samples. Most of the churches date back to 10 th, 11 th and 12 th centuries.
Goreme Open Air Museum has been a member of UNESCO World Heritage Site's since 1984 which is one of the first UNESCO sites in Turkey.
Uchisar castle is located on the highest point of Cappadocia where provides magnificent vision of surrounding area by Mount Erciyes.
Red Valley (Rose Valley)
Red valley gets its name from red/rose-colored rock that varies in hue and intensity depending on daytime, season or weather conditions. Several cave churches, houses and tunnels could be seeing during the hike. Rose Valley has paths for easy, medium and difficult levels. The most common path in the valley takes around 2 hours.
Cavusin Cave Village
Cavusin Village houses surround a mountain like massive rock. Cavusin Caves took its shape as a result of the erosion of rocks and earthquakes.
People can see domed structures as well as praying buildings, monks cave and shelters.
Saint Baptist Monastery, which is one of the oldest buildings in Cappadocia, is hidden among the rocks here.
Derinkuyu Underground City
Derinkuyu Underground City was opened in 1965 but less than half of the city can be visited. There are 35 underground cities but deepest one is Derinkuyu. Underground city is supported with 610 doors and 87 meter deep. Derinkuyu underground city contains all usual rooms found in underground cities (cellars, storage rooms, stables, churches, Schools, wineries and study rooms.
Kaymakli Underground City
In Cappadocia there are 35 underground cities and the widest one is Kaymakli underground city. People can find lots of rooms, big ventilation shaft, wineries, storage halls, kitchens and other meeting rooms in Underground city.
Isa Bey Mosque
Isa Bey Mosque was built by the architect Samli Dimisklioglu Ali in honor of the Isa Bey in 1374. In the 19th century, Isa Bey Mosque was also used as a caravanserai.
Ephesus city was built as a port and one of the most important commercial center. Ephesus Antique city played great role in ancient times with its strategic location also served as religious center on early Christianity period. Ephesus on today is one of the most well-known touristic areas in Turkey.
Virgin Mary House
House of Virgin Mary is located on the "Bulbul" mountain where 9 km far away from Ephesus is. This house is believed that Virgin Mary may have spent her last days. Actually, Virgin Mary may have come in the area together with Saint John whom spent several years in the area to spread Christianity.
Temple of Artemis (Diana)
Temple of Artemis was one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Nowadays, visitors can only see the ruins of the foundations of this marvelous construction of the Hellenistic Age. Remaining of this temple exhibited in the London British Museum.
Pergamon also called as Pergamum) was an ancient city located 20 k.m from Bergama (Town of Izmir city). Pergamon rised during the capital of the Attalid kings and the Pergamon Empire from the 3rd to 2nd century BC and it was the first capital of the Asian province.
Priene is an ancient Hellenistic city located Miletus in western Turkey. It was an ancient Greek city and the home of an important Temple of Athena. Priene ruins include columns of the Temple of Athena, city walls, theater and a council chamber.
Miletus was one of the most important city of ionia in ancient times.
Excavations in Miletus started by French archaeologists in 1868 the territory of Miletus, the land of "Milesie" extended over an area of 2,000 sq. km.
The most important of the temples were dedicated to Apollo were the Didymium in Anatolia and Temple of Apollo at Delphi in Greece. Along with several myths, it was thought that the name Didymium which means twin temples was related to Artemis that is the twin sister of Apollo.
St. John or the Apostle John was the writer of the Fourth Gospel and the book of Revelation. St. John became one of the Saint Christ's closest disciples and was with him on events such as Crucifixion and Transfiguration.
This pretty old Orthodox village, 12 km away from Ephesus and 30 km from Kusadasi, was once Cirkince 'ugly'. Indeed its habitants gave this name on purpose as they did not want to be bothered by foreigners no to share the beauty of their village.
Izmir Archeology Museum
Museum was opened in 1984; Museum has 5000 square meter 3 floors Museum with various halls exhibiting artifacts collected from around the Izmir and specialist halls for ceramics, glass, gold, statues and mosaics.
Kemeralti is the historical bazaar area of Izmir and was originally formed from the street that surrounded inner bay of the city which silted over time during the 17th century enabling the bazaar to extend over a wider area.
Asansor, literally "The Elevator", built in 1907 by Nesim Levi to allow people to climb the elevated part of the area that is separated by the coastal strait by a steep cliff with a total of 155 stairs. Asansor is one of the principal landmarks of Izmir. The old water operated elevator system is replaced by an electrical version in 1985 by the Izmir Municipality. The street where Asansor is situated is named Dario Moreno Street, in memory of the singer-composer who had actually bought a house for his mother in that street and had lived there during the first phases of his fame.
Sardis ancient City
Sardis Ancient city is located in Manisa, near the modern town of Sart. It lies to the Bozdag Mountains and at the edge of the Gediz River. Sardis occupied a strategic location with timber and mineral resources of the mountains, the natural defenses of its citadel, fresh water from springs and lakes, trade from the coast to the interior and gold as well.
Leodicia ancient city was founded by Seleucid King Antiochus II in honor of his wife, Leodice.
Leodicia became a Roman market town on the trade route from the East. Leodicia is famous for its woolen and cotton cloths. Leodicia was an early center of Christianity and one of the Seven Churches of Revelation.
Philadelphia comes from Greek King Philadelphos whom established the city, easily defended hill at the foot of Mount Bozdag today.
Old Smyrna lies in a geologically active region at the foot of Yamanlar Mount and Smyrna has been subjected to earthquakes during its long occupation. During that time ancient baths called the Agamemnon hot springs, found near the southern coast of Izmir Bay was occurred and a ready source of building material for architecture. Volcanic rocks were used to build in structures within the town, alongside mud brick and a small amount of limestone.
Kabatepe Simulation Center
Kabatepe Museum in Gallipoli in Turkey has 11 rooms decorated with new technology that suprises all visitors.
Also at the end of visit Kabatepe Museum has an interesting collection ranging from uniforms and weaponry to letters and even bullet-pierced skulls.
The Anzac landing was originally planned for 'Z' Beach or as it was named later, Brighton Beach, the name probably taken from Brighton Beach in Melbourne this beach stretching southwards from Anzac Cove to the promontory of Gaba Tepe.
Anzac Cove is the best-known spot on Gallipoli. on 25 April 1915 ANZAC corps waded ashore at Anzac Cove. That day an estimated 2000 wounded passed through the cove, while others lay out on the battlefield awaiting evacuation.
The first assault troops in 36 boats landed around Ari burnu. On 25th of April, The rowing boats had carried the Anzacs from Egypt to these shores.
Australians attacked to the Lone Pine between 6th and 10th of August, 1915. At the beginning of the war it was named as Lone Pine because of the lonely pine that stood there. Battle area was in the size of two football fields.
At the end of the Lone Pine heavy fighting 6500 Anzacs had been killed. Turks calls as Bloody Ridge.
It was named for the commander of the 2nd Australian Division Artillery, George Johnston.reached on the morning of the landing of 25 April 1915. The field-guns of Johnston's artillery were said by the troops, to 'jolly up' the Turkish battery opposite.
Of the 181 burials in this cemetery, 144 are unidentified. There are Special Memorials to thirty-six Australians known to have been buried here.
Anzacs had many attacks in Gallipoli but Nek attack was one of the most infamous one among all. In an area of two tennis courts over 300 Australian soldiers were killed and their bodies were never recovered. Until the end of the war their bodies lay unburied here. The Nek attack of Australians was futile and it was relieved in the movie of Gallipoli in the 1981. In The Nek cemetery now 326 burials.
Chunuk Bair hill is one of the major points on the battlefield. It was a battle area between the Turkish defenders and troops of New Zealand and Britain on Gallipoli peninsula. A battalion of New Zealanders are ordered by their British Generals to take Chunuk Bair. It was one of the targets that planned to capture on attack in 8th of August 1915.Chunuk Bair cemetery has 850 burials and just 15 of them identified.
Troy city which existed over 4.000 years known as the center of ancient civilizations. For many years people believed that it was the city mentioned only in the tales and never existed until it was first found in the 19th century.
Troy appeared in Greek and Latin literature. Homer first mentioned story of Troy in Iliad and Odyssey. Later, it became the most popular subject in Greek drama.
Hill 971 is the highest point of the range. The objective of Allied force was to capture Hill 971 which was one of the dominating positions and turned the flank at Anzac compelling the Turks to retreat back across the peninsula. Anzacs had become lost in the valleys leading up to Hill 971 and never managed to get forward against Turkish counter attacks.
Baby 700 and Cemetary
Baby 700 is a hill which is 180 meter above the sea level. Here was the scene of furious fighting on the 25th of April. The Turkish position on Baby 700 was the strongest of all positions at Anzac.
Baby 700 cemetery has 498 burials but 446 of them are unidentified.
Hierapolis Antique City
Hierapolis, whose name means "sacred city" god of the underworld.
Today, Hierapolis is a World Heritage Site and popular tourist destination. In addition to interesting Classical ruins, the site offers a thermal Sacred Pool in which you can swim with ancient artifacts, a view of the spectacular white terraces of Pamukkale, and a good museum.
Pamukkale travertine visited every year by over 1.5 million tourists. Pamukkale in Turkish is "Cotton Castle". Pamukkale terraces are next to ancient Roman city Hierapolis and it used to be health center in ancient times. It is still visited for both travel and health purposes.
Duden Waterfalls are located 14 km northeast from the center of Antalya. The waterfalls are 20 meters high. Thanks to the rich variety of plants the waterfalls has the appearance of a botanical heaven. Restaurants located in the deep valley formed by the falling and flowing water of the waterfalls there are promenades and trout
Damlatas CavernDamlatas Magarasi is a small cave with calcite formations. Cave located right in the center of Alanya. Damlatas Cave was discovered by engineers during blasting work for the construction of Alanya Harbour in 1948. The humid air of Damlatas Cave is supposed to be good for fighting asthmatic problems.
Kursunlu Waterfall located central district of Antalya, just 20km northeast of Antalya.
Due to dense forest area that Kursunlu waterfall was made into a Natural Park in 1991 also Kursunlu Waterfall has created a unique natural landscape as well.
The cluster pine is the dominant tree species but some groups such as eastern plane, carob, laurel, blackberry, wild olive, mastic, fig, beech tree, myrtle, oleander, ivy, tamarisk, spruce, kermes oak, thyme, wild mint, wild rose and bracken.
Some animals such as; rabbit, fox, squirrel, bat, hoopoe, wild boar, woodpecker, carp, water tortoise, snake, stock dove and lizard are live in the Kursunlu Natural Park.
Karain cave is situated 30 km north-west of Antalya. Carved in limestone, there are fine water springs where the plain meets the mountains. Karain is a complex of caves rather than a single cave. It consists of many chambers. These chambers are separated by calcite walls and narrow and curve passageways
One of the most interesting ancient sites in Antalya located inside the National Park approximately 34 km from the city center.
Termessos had good relations with Attalos II, king of Pergamon.During the Roman Empire, Termessos became roman friendly so they received their independent status from the Senate in 70 b.c. Termessos is one of the best preserved ancient cities in Turkey. The most significant remains of the site are city walls, towers, tombs, Hadrian's gate, agora, odeon, theatre, temples, gymnasium, houses, agora, shops and cisterns.
Santa Claus... Am I kidding? NO! Santa Claus, otherwise known as St. Nicholas, was born in Patara. In the 3rd century St.Claus moved to Demre (Myra) where he became a bishop and did his many good works.
About 80 km southwest of Antalya, near the town of Cirali in southwestern Turkey, About a dozen flames burn on the side of the mountain fueled by methane gas, called as 'Yanartas' which is burning around 2400 years. The vents represent the emission of biogenic methane discovered on land so far.
Perge is an impressive archaeological site containing a wealth of ancient ruins. Mostly dating back to the Roman period, though the city itself has a history dating back well into antiquity.
Perge City was mentioned in a Hittite tablet discovered in 1986. We know that Perge was captured by the Persians and then later by the armies of Alexander the Great in around 333BC. It then became part of the Seleucid Kingdom.
The Romans arrived in Perge in approximately 188 B.C. and built most of the sites seen there now, including its once 15,000 seat theatre, the agora, gymnasium, baths and necropolis. During its time under Rome's control the city went on to become an important Roman city and later Byzantine center.
The ancient city of Phaselis was founded in the 8th century BC. Phaselis city known such its variety of ancient monuments and artifacts as; harbors, agora,ancient coins, major port, hidden corners and monuments.
Alanya Castle is a medieval castle is located in Antalya. Castle was built in the 13th century under the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum following the city's conquest in 1220 by Alaeddin Keykubad I as part of a building campaign that included the Kizil Kule (Red Tower). Castle is located 250 meters high on a rocky peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea which protects it from three sides. Today Alanya Castle serves as an open air museum.
Ankara Castle is a popular tourist destination. The castle, originally from the Celtic period, rises in the Ulus district. The castle was renovated several times by the Romans as well as the Byzantines, Seljuks and Ottomans and offers a magnificent view over the city. Typical old Turkish houses, numerous art galleries and restaurants surround the castle walls.
Anatolian Civilizations Museum
The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations which succeeded in winning the "European Museum of the Year" award in 1997. Paleolithic Age, Neolithic Age, Chalcolithic Period, Early Bronze Age, Old Hittite and Hittite Periods, Hittite Kingdom, Phrygian Kingdom, Kingdom of Urartu, Classical Period, Roman Baths.
In 379 B.C., the city of Halicarnassus was the capitol of a small kingdom through the Mediterranean coast of Asia Minor. Hecatomnus, a local satrap to the Persians, had been ambitious and had taken control of several of the neighboring cities and districts. Then Mausolus during his reign extended the territory even further so that it eventually included most of southwestern Asia Minor.
Xantos and Letoon
Xanthos and Letoon are often seen as a "double-site", since the two were closely linked and Letoon was administered by Xanthos. Letoon was the sacred cult center of Lycia, located less than 10 km to the south of Xanthos. Xanthos-Letoon is one of the most remarkable archaeological sites in Turkey also registered in the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list.
Being the city of this proud mother, Leto, Letoon is the religious center of Lycia. There are three important temples where visitors can see mosaic depictions of famous scenes from mythology. Hosting many other ancient works of art, the city was deserted in 7th century AD.
Tlos antique city dating back to 2 thousand years B.C. is one of the most prominent settlements. The city walls to the north-east of the acropolis are from the early Roman era and the rock tombs are fine samples of the Lycian Culture.
Bodrum is an inviting, Bodrum is sun, sea, sand and after all it is history. Some live a modest, peaceful and quiet life, some live crazily madly. Bodrum is the most beautiful, the most honest and the most frank child of Nature Mother.
Today, Bodrum is one of the most important centers of trade, art and entertainment as well.
Marmaris is one of the Turkey's most popular holiday towns and largest resorts on the Aegean coast.
With long coastline, outstanding landscape, isolated bays and inlets, wonderful beaches, ancient cities, marinas and every kind of attractions, Marmaris can be considered as the Mediterranean paradise also Marmaris is also a major center for yacht tourism and blue
Color Turquoise possessing the most beautiful beaches and islands of the Aegean region and a holiday paradise with stunning nature and impressive historical sites also called as 'untouched virgin of the Land of Lights 'established in the 5th century B.C.
Dalyan is a small town on Turkey's Mediterranean coast. One of the most well-known ancient ruin of the ancient city of Caunos, Iz tuzu beach is most important place to procreation of the Caretta Caretta as well as Rock Tombs and Mud Baths.
Nemrut Mountain is the mausoleum of Antiochus I who reigned over Commagene kingdom which is breakup of Alexander's empire. Tomb of Antiochus is one of the most ambitious constructions of the Hellenistic period
Balikligol (Pool of Abraham)
Pool of Abraham which is known as Balikli Gol, it is one of the most well-known sites in Eastern part of turkey such common that more local people visit more than tourists
Roman Bridge of Cendere (Severan Bridge)
Cendere Bridge, 1800 years old bride that was constructed in honor of Roman Emperor Septimius Severus, who reigned from 193-211 AD.
The bridge was originally constructed of 92 stones, each weighing about 10 tons, but restoration work occurred in 1997.
The Monumental Tomb was built by Commagene King Mithradates and was dedicated mother Isas. Due to the symbol of the eagle on the top of the columns, it was named 'Kara kus' Tumulus which is Black Bird.
Selimiye Mosque was built with a muvakkithane time-keeping room, water fountain by Sultan Selim III (1761-1808) with wide courtyard which has four entrance doors and its Western architectural style illustrate the cultural influence of that period.
The mosque was built using cut stones during the period that Ahmed Nureddin Efendi was one of the chief architects that was the masterpiece of marble workmanship and carpentry.
Beyazit Madrasah which was awarded "European Museum of the Year" in early 2000s was essentially a complex for health, aid and education of students of medicine used during Ottoman times. It was completed in 1488 under the reign of Sultan Beyazit. What makes the mosque special is its brilliant use of exotic stones such as porphyry and granite.
Mevlana Mausoleum located at the city of Konya. Mevlana Rumi is generally known in the west simply by the epithet Rumi (which means Anatolian) or in the east as Mavlana Rumi. In Turkey he is universally referred to as Mevlana (Turkish spelling of Maulana which means 'Our Master').
Selcuk Caravanserai (Sultanhan)
Sultan Hani Caravanserai Trade across Turkey in medieval Seljuk times was dependent on camel trains which stopped by known as kervansaray or caravanserai, these buildings provided accommodation and other amenities for the merchants and stabling for their animals.
Seljuk Sultans Kilicarslan II and Alaaddin Keykubat I, the construction of these buildings increased after the security of the trading roads was provided by the state. The loss of the trades would be met by the states which are accepted to be the first insurance system.
Great Mosque located in Bursa city center.
Bursa's was built from 1396 to 1399 with money provided by Sultan Yildirim Beyazit (1360-1403).
Great Mosque has the impressive portals typical of Seljuk architecture and great mosque's square columns supporting arches and domes.
Green Mosque and Kulliyah
Green Mosque has its architectural gem. The Green Mosque commissioned by Sultan Mehmet I Celebi and finished in 1424. Green Mosque takes its name from the green-blue tiles of the interior side.Inside of blue mosque you will see the richly tiledcenotaphs of Sultan Mehmet I and his family.
Great (Uludag) Mountain (Cable Car - Snow)
Uludag, Mount Olympus of the ancient province of Bithynia, rises 2543 m (8343 feet) to the south of the center of Bursa.
A teleferik (cable car) east of the city center usually takes you to the summit for hiking in summer, and for skiing in winter.
Plan a minimum of three hours for a visit to Uludag by cable car, and preferably 3-1/2 or four hours, allowing time for the ride up and back down (1 hour), waiting time for transport (1 hour) and an hour to see the scenery at the top.
When you enter the cable car, try to get a place at the rear of the car to get best panoramic view.
Sarialan has some snacks-and-drinks stands, some walking trails (patika), and a campground administered by Uludag National Park. The campground is usually fully booked well in advance.
Sumela Monastery; Panagia Soumela, "Virgin Mary of Soumela" in Greek is a spectacular rock-hewn monastery located on the narrow ledge of a steep cliff in the forests south of Trabzon. It was built in the fourth century, visitors can see icon of Virgin Mary in a cave.
St. Sophia Museum (Byzantium Church)
St. Sophia museum serves since 1961, dates to the thirteenth century when Trabzon was the capital of the Empire of Trebizond. The first prayer was held a few days ago, after the icons and mosaics in the Hagia Sophia church had been permanently covered with curtains and carpets. However, the decision of the Turkish authorities to transform the museum into a mosque has caused controversy among progressive academic circles in Turkey
Ataturk, in reply to this speech, said; "Gentlemen, I have seen almost all the people of Trabzon in a mass of sincerity. I have seen tears in the eyes of women, children and elders. What an emotion, what compassion, and what nobility this is".
Ataturk's lodge has bedroom, bathroom, aide's rooms and the study room. Today the lodge, with its large flower garden, is one of the most beautiful houses of Trabzon and is open to visitors as the Ataturk Museum under the management of the Trabzon municipality.
Ladies bazaar is the oldest and most colorful marketplace of the Black Sea region you can spend a full day.
This is a form of art unique to the Trabzon region, and all the bracelets are crafted by hand in the backstreet ateliers of the bazaar.
The Karaca Cave is a network of caves located near the Turkish town of Torul.
Karaca Magarasi is known since ancient times, the entrance area was used as a natural shelter by ancient man.
The Karaca Cave was open to the visitors in 1996. It has been visited by the 500,000 people.
Boztepe is the best place to enjoy the amazing scenery of Black Sea in Trabzon and therefore it is one of the most important locations needs to be paid a visit. Boztepe is 3 km southeast of the city. This place was called "Apollon's Mountain".